Posts tagged marijuana
On July 1st, 2001, Portugal decriminalized every imaginable drug, from marijuana, to cocaine, to heroin. Some thought Lisbon would become a drug tourist haven, others predicted usage rates among youths to surge.
Eleven years later, it turns out they were both wrong.
via BusinessInsider.com Over a decade has passed since Portugal changed its philosophy from labeling drug users as criminals to labeling them as people affected by a disease. This time lapse has allowed statistics to develop and in time, has made Portugal an example to follow.
First, some clarification.
Portugal’s move to decriminalize does not mean people can carry around, use, and sell drugs free from police interference. That would be legalization. Rather, all drugs are “decriminalized,” meaning drug possession, distribution, and use is still illegal. While distribution and trafficking is still a criminal offense, possession and use is moved out of criminal courts and into a special court where each offender’s unique situation is judged by legal experts, psychologists, and social workers. Treatment and further action is decided in these courts, where addicts and drug use is treated as a public health service rather than referring it to the justice system (like the U.S.), reports Fox News.
The resulting effect: a drastic reduction in addicts, with Portuguese officials and reports highlighting that this number, at 100,000 before the new policy was enacted, has been halved in the following ten years. Portugal’s drug usage rates are now among the lowest of EU member states, according to the same report.
One more outcome: a lot less sick people. Drug related diseases including STDs and overdoses have been reduced even more than usage rates, which experts believe is the result of the government offering treatment with no threat of legal ramifications to addicts.
While this policy is by no means news, the statistics and figures, which take years to develop and subsequently depict the effects of the change, seem to be worth noting. In a country like America, which may take the philosophy of criminalization a bit far (more than half of America’s federal inmates are in prison on drug convictions), other alternatives must, and to a small degree, are being discussed.
For policymakers or people simply interested in this topic, cases like Portugal are a great place to start.
If you have stock in Halliburton and others in the prison industrial complex then by all means get your wallet out and keep donating to your favorite politicians who are willing to further the obviously broken, thoroughly debunked, and completely counter-productive legislations behind “the drug war.”
Check some stats from the 1920′s (as reported by MSNBC in the below video) and the attempts at alcohol prohibition:
-arrests for disorderly conduct: increased by 41% compared to pre-prohibition
-thefts and burgularies: increased 9%
-federal convicts: increased by 56%
So, if crime increases while prison populations skyrocket, does society receive a net gain for it’s adherence to the belief that The State can save us from ourselves?
To me it’s an obvious no!
In the attached interview Neil Franklin, a former Baltimore narcotics officer and current executive director of LEAP (Law Enforcement Against Prohibition) gives some simple, profound analysis that illustrates the underlying costs of our war on drugs and the incredible damage it does to society with 60% of estimate drug cartel revenue coming from illegal marijuana in The US (source: the video).
Kyle Kazan, another proven police officer states his claim regarding the incredible waste of resources that “the drug war” is proving to be.
If we were to make marijuana a legitimate business like alcohol, police officers could reroute their attention to violent crimes and eliminate an incredibly profitable business from criminals and terrorist organizations.